11 kilometers from Ajmer, on the edge of the desert, is the quiet town of Pushkar, as well as the scenic shore of Lake Pushkar. It is an important pilgrimage site. Nag Pahar or Serpent Mountain forms a natural boundary between Ajmer and Pushkar.
Pushkar has a hemisphere lake with 52 "ghats"; The maximum depth of the lake is 10 meters. It is a holy place and is known as the king of all "tiraths"; It is said that a holy dip in this lake of Karthik Purnima washes away all sins and leads to redemption. Whoever bathes in this holy water during the brightest fortnight of the Hindu calendar month of Karthik and sees a Varah (an incarnation of Vishnu) will not be reborn on this planet and will enjoy heavenly bliss forever. The holy bath of Karthik Purnima in this lake gives a blessing equal to a hundred austerities. Master of the gods, Brihaspati no longer has the many yojana spots.
The origin of the name Pushkar has a mythological history. Once, Lord Brahma was concerned that on earth he would not be prayed to like other gods. He longed for a place in his name on earth. So he threw a lotus flower, which fell in three points, and water miraculously flowed out. The first place where the flowers fell is known as Jyeshtha Pushkar, the second is Madhya Pushkar and the third is Kanishtha Pushkar or Senior, Middle and Junior respectively. Brahma with his own hands threw down the flower which is the 'Pushpa' which is the 'Kar'; Hence the name of this place became Pushkar.
There are 52 swimming ghats built around the lake. The water in each ghat is said to have special powers. Some of them are Nag Kund for fertility, Roop tirath for beauty, Kapil vyapi Kund water helps cure leprosy, and Diving in Mirakand Muni Kund bestows blessing of wisdom.
Every year on Karthik Purnima Day, the full moon day of the month of Karthik (somewhere from October to November), the famous Pushkar Fair is held here. People from all over the country come to take the holy bath. The city comes alive with folk dancers and musicians from all over the world to showcase their talent. Merry party, cultural variety and livestock market make Pushkar Fair famous. This fair is one of the cultural reflections of the state of Rajasthan. It is a five-day event where the town comes alive with cultural activities and vibrant energy.
Besides religious rituals at Jagat Pita Shri Brahma Mandir and other festivities, people participate in various sporting and cultural events. The big attraction of this fair, apart from the variety of folk dances and songs that fill the atmosphere, is the camel race and the cattle market. The cattle market also trades cows, buffalo, camels, horses and even donkeys. The Pushkar Fair attracts tourists from all over the world. We provide below the Pushkar Fair dates to participate in this colorful Pushkar Cattle Fair during Indian Holidays.